sovereign

It’s a common charge that believers simply (or simplistically) attribute ‘good’ and ‘evil’ to God or the devil depending on the results. Good happens to us: God did it. Good happens to enemies: Devil did it. Bad happens to enemies: God did it. Bad happens to us: Devil did it. However, the providential monotheism of… Continue reading sovereign

had to be chance?

chance & necessity | random & planned | chaos & order | freedom & determinism The phrase ‘by chance’ refers to an event/result happening without compulsion or determination – we say the situation/result ‘did not have to be that way’. The phrase ‘of necessity’ refers to an event/result happening according to compulsion or law –… Continue reading had to be chance?